Located in Balestier, this villa played a crucial role in the 1911 Chinese Revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty), and established the Republic of China (ROC).
Completed in 1902, this double-storey villa was bought by rubber magnate, Teo Eng Hock, for his aged mother. It was then named Wan Qing Yuan to symbolize Teo Eng Hock’s hope that his mother would enjoy peace and happiness in her twilight years.
When Dr. Sun Yat Sen chose Singapore as the nerve center of his revolutionary movement in Southeast Asia, Teo Eng Hock offered the place to Dr. Sun Yat Sen for his revolutionary activities. It was in this very villa that Dr. Sun Yat Sen shared his revolutionary ideals with his Nanyang supporters.
As the headquarters of Dr. Sun Yat Sen’s Chinese Revolution Alliance or Tong Meng Hui in Nanyang, Singapore assumed a pivotal role in the 1911 Revolution. Loyal supporters of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, including Singapore pioneers Teo Eng Hock, Tan Chor Lam and Lim Nee Soon, provided invaluable support in the form of fund-raising and dissemination of revolutionary principles and ideals. It was in Wan Qing Yuan that Dr. Sun Yat Sen planned three of his 10 failed uprisings, prior to the successful Wuchang Uprising in 1911.
Not easy to get there in MRT (Novena MRT is around 1km walk), however take a bus and walk in the area. Visit the Maha Sasna Ramsi Burmese Buddhist Temple, located next to the villa if you have the chance.